Can Hybrid Bikes go Off-Roading?
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Can you take a hybrid bike off the road? As hybrid bikes are a cross between road bikes and mountain bikes, you can take them off-road. You will not want to take one down a technical mountain bike trail, but they will hold up for more sedate off-roading.
Hybrids look pretty similar to mountain bikes, with only the narrower road-style tires giving away their differences.
With many bike brands building both mountain bike and hybrids you will find that they sell models that are the same price. These models will come with pretty similar groupsets. Groupsets are the gearing and braking components on a bike. There are a few manufacturers of these groupsets, and they have price tiers according to quality.
By having the same groupsets, you can see that hybrids share more than aesthetics with mountain bikes. The gearing though will have one significant difference: it will be higher than on a mountain bike.
Your mountain bike is designed to help you through gloopy mud and technical terrain. You will need low and easy gears to make navigating this terrain safe. Hybrids, as they are designed more for road and path use, have a higher gearing.
Higher gearing makes it easier for you to ride along at speed. Ideal if you are trying to get home from work quickly. You will also be wanting to ride a hybrid with a high cadence. The gearing is designed to make this possible. A high cadence (pedal revolution) will help look after your knees.
More Bounce to the Ounce
You may also have seen the suspension fork on your hybrid. Some hybrids will not come with a suspension fork. These are closer to road bikes and shopping bikes than mountain bikes. The suspension forks may look similar, but if you were to place the two alongside one another, you’d see the difference.
The suspension fork stanchions (the silver parts) will be longer on the mountain bike. The longer length of the stanchions is what gives you suspension travel. The travel will be noted on the bike’s spec sheet. Usually, a hybrid will have 60-80mm, and a mountain bike will start at a 100mm. The mountain bike will have longer travel to help keep your front wheel in contact with the ground as you ride across rough terrain.
A Wheely Good Time
Wheel-wise, your hybrid will have a 700cc wheel. The 700cc wheel is the traditional road bike wheel size is around 27”. The tires on these wheels will be narrower than those found on a mountain bike. They will also have fewer knobs and will look smooth in comparison.
The smooth tires and the 700cc size mean that your hybrid will roll quickly while on road. They will have less grip in off-road situations. Some hybrids try to minimize this issue by having tires with knobs on the side. The knobs will then grip when you take corners off-road.
These are the simple differences to spot. You will find that both mountain bike frames and hybrid frames have a different geometry. The mountain bike frame will have a slacker head angle than the hybrid frame. The slacker angle is to help make room for the longer travel suspension fork.
It also makes the bike feel more sluggish on the road. You do not want a hybrid to feel sluggish on the road, so the head angle is more akin to a road bike. The angle change means you end up with a slightly different seating position. You will very probably not notice this different position though.
The frames themselves may also have different tube shapes, the idea of round tubes has almost died off for use with hybrids and mountain bikes. You may see that mountain bike frames have gussets and larger tubes for a more significant welding area. These features are designed to allow mountain bike frames to stand up to the rigors of off-road riding.
You will also find that hybrids tend to have a horizontal top tube like a road bike. Mountain bikes have a sloping top tube. The sloping top tube is to give you more clearance when you go off-road. You don’t want to be catching your feet on a top tube if you are having to jump off the bike when riding off-road.
Putting all that together may make you wonder why we said a hybrid could be ridden off-road? The quick answer is if you are riding gravel roads, cycle paths, or simple trails you will not need those features.
In fact, in the less technical sections of off-road riding, a hybrid may be way more fun to ride. The extra speed will feel great, and the lack of suspension travel will make the bike feel a lot more efficient. Hybrids will also require a bit more skill to ride. You do not have the extra suspension to make riding easier and less risky. That is not a negative; it is a lot of fun.
Drop the Pressure
It’s important to make sure that your tire pressure is down when you’re off-roading. Lowering pressure will cause your tire to have a flatter shape. The flatter shape provides a bigger contact patch on the ground, and the bigger your contact patch the more grip you have.
A flatter shape will help you out for cornering. Otherwise, you may find your bike wants to slip and slide around. It is never fun when the back of your bike wants to swing around the front of your bike. Your lower tire pressure will cause the tire to bite into the ground, and the slipping will not happen.
The other way to help here might be for you to fit some thinner mountain bike tires on your hybrid bike. The mountain bike tires will make your hybrid slower on the road, but it will also help when you are riding off-road and there is gloopy mud.
If you are going to spend a lot of your time riding technical off-road trails, you will want a mountain bike. If you only occasionally ride off-road and spend the majority of your time on the road, you will be better off with a hybrid bike.